"The United States and Mexico have a special relationship as neighbors and partners under the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). The friendly relationship has been strengthened by President Bush's meetings with President Fox. This report, covering trade, migration/border, drug trafficking, and political issues, will be updated on a regular basis. [...] On March 7, 2005, the United States withdrew from the Optional Protocol giving the International Court of Justice jurisdiction over disputes under the Vienna Convention on Consular Relations; this came a week after President Bush directed state courts to review the cases of 51 Mexicans on death row to comply with a March 2004 ICJ [International Court of Justice] decision that the United States had breached its obligations under the Vienna Convention by failing to notify Mexican consular officials when those Mexican nationals were arrested. On March 10, 2005, Secretary of State Rice visited Mexico in preparation for President Bush's March 23 meeting with the leaders of Mexico and Canada; she praised the remarkable cooperation between the countries, defended the recent State Department reports on human rights and drug control efforts against Mexican criticism, and announced Mexico's agreement to transfer enough water to meet its existing water debt with the United States. On March 16, 2005, the House passed the Emergency Supplemental Appropriations for FY2005 (H.R. 1268), with the text of H.R. 418, the REAL ID Act, as Division B, with identity card standards and provisions to facilitate the completion of fencing along the U.S.-Mexico border. On March 23, 2005, President Bush hosted meetings in Texas with President Fox and Prime Minister Martin, in which the leaders established the trilateral 'Security and Prosperity Partnership (SPP) of North America,' that will seek to advance the common security and the common prosperity of the countries through expanded cooperation and harmonization of policies."
CRS Report for Congress, RL32724