"The United States and Mexico have a special relationship under the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), which removes trade and investment barriers between the countries. The friendly relationship has been strengthened by President Bush' s meetings with President Fox. Major issues of concern to Congress are trade, immigration, drug trafficking, and political rights. [...] On November 2, 2002, a military court convicted two Mexican army generals of protecting drug shipments for accused drug lord Amado Carillo Fuentes. On November 22, 2002, new U.S. Ambassador Tony Garza presented his diplomatic credentials to President Fox. During the cabinet-level Binational Commission meetings in Mexico City, on November 25-26, 2002, Secretary of State Powell and Foreign Secretary Castaneda reaffirmed the importance of the relationship between the countries and indicated the intention to continue talks toward a migration agreement. Mexico indicated concern with the impending reduction of tariffs on sensitive agricultural products, and the United States indicated concern about Mexico's continuing failure to provide water in South Texas as required by the 1944 treaty. On November 27, 2002, with safety inspectors and procedures in place, the Bush Administration announced that it would begin the process that will open U.S. highways to Mexican truckers and buses, but opponents went to court in early December 2002 to block the action."
Issue Brief for Congress, IB10070