"The National Tsunami Hazard Mitigation Program (NTHMP) is a partnership between Federal and State agencies, and is designed 'to improve tsunami preparedness of at-risk areas in the United States and its territories' (Title 33 U.S.C. Ch. 45). Led by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA) National Weather Service (NWS), the NTHMP includes all 28 U.S. coastal states, territories and commonwealths, the United States Geological Survey (USGS), the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), and NOAA. This strong and active partnership enables all levels of government to work together toward the common goal of reducing tsunami losses. The NTHMP was established in 1995 by Congressional action which directed NOAA to form and lead a Federal/State working group aimed at identifying potential hazards and mitigating their risks. This action was based on increased recognition of the Cascadia tsunami threat, the April 1992 earthquake and tsunami on the Cascadia Subduction Zone in northern California, and the loss of life and property in Japan due to the 199 3 Hokkaido Nansei-Oki tsunami that devastated the island of Okushiri. These events, together with the historic Alaska tsunamis of 1946 and 1964, brought to light the general lack of tsunami preparedness and hazard assessment for the U.S. coasts and the need for significant improvement in tsunami detection and forecasting. The 2006 Tsunami Warning and Education Act (PL 109-424-TWEA) refined the NTHMP mission by focusing efforts on mitigation and preparedness activities versus detection and forecasting. This Strategic Plan describes how, over the next five years (2013-2017), the NTHMP will help U.S. coastal communities threatened by tsunami s enhance their preparedness and mitigation efforts. The plan is based on language contained within TWEA; however, modifications to the Strategic Plan may be necessary pending the outcome of TWEA reauthorization."
National Tsunami Hazard Mitigation Program: http://nthmp.tsunami.gov/