President's Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP): Issues for Congress [April 21, 2009] [open pdf - 511KB]
"Congress established the Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP), including the position of its Director, within the Executive Office of the President (EOP) through the National Science and Technology Policy, Organization, and Priorities Act of 1976 (P.L. [Public Law] 94-282). The act states that 'The Office shall serve as a source of scientific and technological analysis and judgment for the President with respect to major policies, plans, and programs of the Federal Government.' In addition, the act establishes the position of the OSTP director. According to the act, 'The primary function of the OSTP Director is to provide, within the Executive Office of the President, advice on the scientific, engineering, and technological aspects of issues that require attention at the highest level of Government.' Unlike the heads of some other EOP agencies, the OSTP Director testifies before congressional committees, even though the office provides advice and assistance to the White House. This report will provide an overview of the history of science and technology advice to the President, and provide an overview and discuss issues and options for Congress regarding OSTP's Director, OSTP management and operations, PCAST [President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology], and NSTC [National Science and Technology Council]. The report also discusses actions taken by the Obama Administration regarding OSTP."
CRS Report for Congress, RL34736
U.S. Dept. of State, Foreign Press Centers: http://www.fpc.state.gov/