Fishery, Aquaculture, and Marine Mammal Legislation in the 109th Congress [Updated January 20, 2006] [open pdf - 91KB]
"Fish and marine mammals are important resources in open ocean and nearshore coastal areas. Many laws and regulations guide the management of these resources by federal agencies. Bills to reauthorize and amend major legislation -- the Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act (MSFCMA) and the Marine Mammal Protection Act (MMPA) -- have been introduced in the 109th Congress; the authorization of appropriations for both laws expired at the end of FY1999. Bills offering extensive amendments to the MSFCMA include H.R. 1431, S. 1224, and S. 2012. H.R. 2130, H.R. 4075, and S. 1224 propose extensive amendments to the MMPA. Recommendations by the U.S. Commission on Ocean Policy will likely play a role in actions considered during the 109th Congress. […] Marine mammals are protected under the MMPA. With few exemptions, the MMPA prohibits harm or harassment ('take') of marine mammals, unless restrictive permits are obtained. It addresses specific situations of concern, such as dolphin mortality, which is primarily associated with the eastern tropical Pacific tuna fishery. No legislation has yet been enacted by the 109th Congress relating to marine mammals."
CRS Issue Brief for Congress, IB10139