Congressional Authority to Limit U.S. Military Operations in Iraq [January 29, 2007] [open pdf - 155KB]
"President Bush's announced plan to increase the number of troops participating in military operations in Iraq has raised questions regarding Congress's authority to limit or possibly terminate the U.S. military role in Iraq. It has been suggested that the President's role as Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces provides sufficient authority for his deployment of additional troops, and any efforts on the part of Congress to intervene could represent an unconstitutional violation of separation-of-powers principles. While even proponents of strong executive prerogative in matters of war appear to concede that it is within Congress's authority to cut off funding entirely for a military operation, it has been suggested that spending measures that restrict but do not end financial support for the war in Iraq would amount to an 'unconstitutional condition.' The question may turn on whether the President's proposal is a purely operational decision committed to the President in his role as Commander-in-Chief, or whether congressional action to prevent the carrying out of the proposal is a valid exercise of Congress's authority to allocate resources using its war powers and power of the purse."
CRS Report for Congress, RL33837
U.S. Department of State, Foreign Press Centers: http://fpc.state.gov/