United States' Trade Remedy Laws and Non-market Economies: A Legal Overview [April 23, 2007] [open pdf - 125KB]
"In the United States, there are two major forms of domestic trade remedy laws: antidumping law (AD), which combats the sale of goods at less than their fair market value, and countervailing duty law (CVD), which assess duties on imported goods to offset the amount of government or other public entity subsidization. Both of these remedies are available when the imported goods come from competitor countries that have free market policies. Since 1984, however, only AD law has been applied to those imported goods that come from non-market or other 'transitional' economies. With the continued economic growth of some non-market and 'transitional' economies, such as China and Vietnam, pressure has increased on the U.S. government to more aggressively utilize domestic trade remedy laws such as AD and CVD against unfair imports from these countries."
CRS Report for Congress, RL33976
U.S. Dept. of State, Foreign Press Centers: http://www.fpc.state.gov/