"Legislative authority for international food aid programs in the 2002 farm bill (P.L. [Public Law] 107-171) expires in 2007. The 110th Congress has been considering the extension and reauthorization of food aid programs as part of the 2007 farm bill. On July 27, 2007, the House passed its version of the 2007 farm bill (H.R. 2419), which included reauthorization of food aid programs.. The Senate Agriculture Committee has yet to report its version of the farm bill, but is expected to begin committee deliberations in September 2007. International food aid is the United States' major response to reducing global hunger. In 2006, the United States provided $2.1 billion of such assistance, which paid for the delivery and distribution of more than 3 million metric tons of U.S. agricultural commodities. The United States provided food aid to 65 countries in 2006, more than half of them in Sub-Saharan Africa. Most of the food aid -- $1.2 billion or 57% -- was provided as emergency food aid. About one-third is used in non-emergency or development projects carried out by U.S. private voluntary organizations (PVOs) and cooperatives."
CRS Report for Congress, RL34145
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