Global Health: Appropriations to USAID Programs from FY2001 through FY2008 [July 8, 2008] [open pdf - 90KB]
"Congressional awareness about and support for global health has grown considerably, particularly during the tenure of President George W. Bush. From FY2001 through FY2008, Congress appropriated about $15.2 billion to the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) for global health programs. Appropriations supported five key programs: child survival and maternal health (CS/MH), vulnerable children (VC), human immunodeficiency virus/ acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS), other infectious diseases (OID), and family planning and reproductive health (FP/RH). Although a number of U.S. agencies and departments implement global health programs, this report focuses on funding for global health programs conducted by USAID. The role of other U.S. agencies and departments is discussed in the context of intergovernmental partnerships, such as the President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR). From FY2001 through FY2008, much of the growth in global health spending targeted two diseases: HIV/AIDS and malaria. During this period, Congress supported the President's calls for higher spending on these diseases through three key initiatives: The President's International Mother and Child HIV Prevention Initiative (FY2002- FY2004), PEPFAR (FY2004-FY2008), and the President's Malaria Initiative (FY2006- FY2010). PEPFAR has dominated much of overall U.S. global health appropriations. Hence, this report analyzes funding for USAID's global health before and after PEPFAR authorization. This report will not be updated and does not analyze debates about PEPFAR reauthorization or discuss possible impacts of such reauthorization."
CRS Report for Congress, RS22913
U.S. Dept. of State, Foreign Press Centers: http://www.fpc.state.gov/