Examining Ongoing Conflict in Eastern Congo: Hearing Before the United States Senate Committee on Foreign Relations, Subcommittee on African Affairs, One Hundred Thirteenth Congress, First Session, April 16, 2013 [open pdf - 966KB]
This testimony compilation is from the April 16, 2013 hearing, "Examining Ongoing Conflict in Eastern Congo," before the U.S. Senate Committee on Foreign Relations, Subcommittee on African Affairs. From the opening statement of John Prendergast: "There now exists a better chance for peace in eastern Congo than at any time since the current deadly cycle of conflict began in the mid-1990s. A number of variables contribute to this unique opportunity. First, following the Dodd-Frank conflict minerals legislation, consumer pressure, and resulting market adjustments, the economic incentives of the warring parties are starting to shift away from illicit violent profiteering to legitimate trade. Just like with the blood diamonds saga, the profit incentive is shifting from war to peace. Second, donor and World Bank pressure on Rwanda for alleged cross-border support for the M23 rebel group has weakened that group, and rising calls for accountability for war crimes helped pave the way for the surrender of one of Congo's worst warlords, Bosco Ntaganda. Third, the International Monetary Fund's refusal to renew aid to Congo until reforms are enacted provides a window to finally address critical governance issues within Congo. Fourth, the new 'Peace, Security and Cooperation Framework for the Democratic Republic of Congo and the Region', signed by United Nations Secretary-General Ban Kimoon and 11 African heads of state in February, provides a foundation upon which a sustained peace process, led by African partners and the United Nations, can be operationalized. Fifth, the recent appointment of Mary Robinson as the new U.N. envoy, combined with the hoped-for naming of a significant U.S. Special Envoy, will provide a major external boost to African regional peace efforts." Statements, letters, and materials submitted for the record include those of the following: Christopher A. Coons, John Prendergast, Mvemba Dizolele, Ferdinand Muhigirwa, and Federico Borello.
U.S. Senate Committee on Foreign Relations: http://www.foreign.senate.gov/