Coffee Break Training: Management Science Program: AAR: After Action Review in the Fire Service [open pdf - 784KB]
"AAR [After Action Review] protocols are widely but not universally used in the fire service. Good officers have known instinctively for years that performance improvements occur by creating a continuous feedback loop. Most often, these improvements are associated with fireground tactics and resource needs. AAR can be a vital tool in improving performance and correcting behaviors that can lead to a firefighter line-of-duty injury or death. Stress injuries to firefighters are often underobserved, but their impact can destroy careers and affect families with tragic consequences. The earlier that (potential) stress injuries are identified, the more likely that successful outcomes will occur. In many ways, the first step in observing stress in firefighters and Emergency Medical Services personnel begins at the 'back step' or 'kitchen table talk,' where every call and response is discussed with an informal AAR. AAR supports the National Fallen Firefighters Foundation's Firefighter Life Safety Initiatives 1 (change the culture) and 13 (psychological support) to connect firefighters to the behavioral support they need."
Coffee Break Training - Management Science Program Series No. MS-2013-3
United States Fire Administration: http://www.usfa.fema.gov/