China Naval Modernization: Implications for U.S. Navy Capabilities-Background and Issues for Congress [April 26, 2013] [open pdf - 3MB]
"This report focuses on the potential implications of China's naval modernization for future required U.S. Navy capabilities. Other CRS [Congressional Research Service] reports address separate issues relating to China. This report is based on unclassified open-source information, such as the annual DOD report to Congress on military and security developments involving China,4 an August 2009 report on China's navy from the Office of Naval Intelligence (ONI),5 and published reference sources such as Jane's Fighting Ships. For convenience, this report uses the term China's naval modernization to refer to the modernization not only of China's navy, but also of Chinese military forces outside China's navy that can be used to counter U.S. naval forces operating in the Western Pacific, such as land-based anti-ship ballistic missiles (ASBMs), land-based surface-to-air missiles (SAMs), land-based air force aircraft armed with anti-ship cruise missiles (ASCMs), and land-based long-range radars for detecting and tracking ships at sea. China's military is formally called the People's Liberation Army, or PLA. Its navy is called the PLA Navy, or PLAN (also abbreviated as PLA[N]), and its air force is called the PLA Air Force, or PLAAF. The PLA Navy includes an air component that is called the PLA Naval Air Force, or PLANAF. China refers to its ballistic missile force as the Second Artillery Corps (SAC)."
CRS Report for Congress, RL33153