"The 'Special 301' Report is the result of an annual review of the state of intellectual property rights (IPR) protection and enforcement in trading partners around world, which the Office of the United States Trade Representative (USTR) conducts pursuant to Section 182 of the Trade Act of 1974, as amended by the Omnibus Trade and Competitiveness Act of 1988 and the Uruguay Round Agreements Act. This Report reflects the Administration's continued resolve to encourage and maintain adequate and effective IPR protection and enforcement worldwide. It identifies a wide range of concerns, including the continued deterioration in IPR protection, enforcement, and market access for persons relying on IPR in Ukraine ; the growing problem of misappropriation of trade secrets in China and elsewhere; troubling 'indigenous innovation' policies that may unfairly disadvantage U.S. rights holders in China ; the continuing challenges of copyright piracy over the Internet in countries such as Brazil, Italy, and Russia ; and other ongoing, systemic IPR enforcement issues presented in many trading partners around the world. USTR looks forward to working closely with the governments of the trading partners that are identified in this year's Special 301 Report, to address both emerging and continuing concerns, and to continue to build on the positive results that many of these governments have achieved."
Executive Office of the President, Office of the United States Trade Representatives: http://www.ustr.gov/