"The U.S. Government has a responsibility to protect the health and safety of its citizens. The American people continue to face a host of national health security threats from chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear (CBRN) agents (e.g., weapons that could be used to kill or injure a large number of people) and emerging infectious diseases (EID) (e.g., 1918-19 influenza pandemic outbreak). Under the leadership of the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) the Public Health Emergency Medical Countermeasures Enterprise (PHEMCE) is the coordinating body for the federal agencies in charge of protecting the civilian population from potential adverse health impacts through the use of medical countermeasures, which are medicines, devices, or other medical interventions that can lessen the harmful effects of these threats. Since the first PHEMCE Strategy and Implementation Plan were released in 2007, critical medical countermeasures have been developed, acquired, and stockpiled for emergency use. Plans have been made across all levels of government to ensure these critical assets can be used effectively in an emergency. Additionally, experiences ranging from real public health emergencies to national-level exercises have presented opportunities for the PHEMCE to assess medical countermeasure preparedness planning and to reallocate resources based on lessons learned. […] PHEMCE Leadership has identified a set of criteria against which all investments must be prioritized. These include (1) addressing the most significant threats, (2) fostering approaches with the potential to provide protection against multiple important threats, and (3) maintaining the capability to effectively use the assets developed in the envisioned operational setting. The 2012 PHEMCE Implementation Plan , to be released in summer 2012, will further describe the prioritization of programs based on these criteria. This Strategy and the Implementation Plan together provide the blueprints the PHEMCE will follow in the near, mid-, and long-terms to make the best use of available resources to enhance national health security."
U.S. Department of Defense, Under Secretary of Defense for Policy: http://policy.defense.gov/