More Than Meets the Eye: Clandestine Funding, Cutting-Edge Technology and China's Cyber Research & Development Program [open pdf - 275KB]
"Over the course of the last decade the central government of the People's Republic of China has utilized a national grant system to invest in the research and development of new dualuse cyber capabilities. In order to understand the defense implications of these investments, this research will examine how China is investing resources to develop new cyber capabilities for national security applications. Through the collection of publicly available sources in Mandarin and English, this research will analyze how the Chinese leadership views information technology research and development (R&D), as well as the role cyber R&D plays in China's various strategic development plans. This work also explores the organizational structure of China's cyber R&D base. The paper will conclude with a projection of how China might field new cyber capabilities for intelligence platforms, advanced weapons systems, and systems designed to support asymmetric warfare operations."
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, LLNL-TR-593952
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory: https://e-reports-ext.llnl.gov/