Shifting Sands, Political Transitions in the Middle East, Part 2, Hearing Before the Subcommittee on the Middle East and South Asia of the Committee on Foreign Affairs, House of Representatives, One Hundred Twelfth Congress, First Session, May 5, 2011 [open pdf - 1010KB]
From the opening statement of Steve Chabot: "This is the Foreign Affairs Subcommittee on the Middle East and South Asia. This hearing was called to assess the current trajectory of the political transitions in the Middle East and to examine U.S. policy toward the region as it stands today. For the past 4 months, the world has witnessed unprecedented changes throughout the Middle East and North Africa. The peaceful protests that began at the end of last year continue to shake the region to its core. The power structures that have defined the region for decades continue to crumble as protesters take to the streets by the thousands. Unlike in the past, however, they were not protesting against the United States nor were they protesting against Israel. Instead, they were protesting for their own Godgiven human and universal rights to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. This unrest, however, has not been without its challenges. Across the region, from Libya to Yemen, entrenched regimes have sought to maintain their stranglehold on power by any means necessary. In Yemen, Ali Abdullah Saleh supported and then rejected an agreement to step down from power. In Syria, Bashar al-Assad's ongoing and ruthless murder of peaceful protesters has already claimed the lives of hundreds of Syrian citizens. In Bahrain, the government's targeted crackdown has resulted in the indiscriminate imprisonment of swaths of the country's Shiite population. Most recently, a Bahraini military court in a closed-door trial sentenced four protesters to be executed." Statements, letters, and materials submitted for the record include those of the following: Michael H. Posner, Tamara Wittes, and Gerald E. Connolly.
Serial No. 112-28
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