ABSTRACT

Global Climate Change: U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions - Status, Trends, and Projections [Updated March 12, 2002]   [open pdf - 94KB]

"On 15 October 1992 the United States ratified the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), which entered into force 21 March 1994. This committed the U.S. to 'national policies' to limit 'its anthropogenic emissions of greenhouse gases,' with a voluntary goal of returning 'emissions of carbon dioxide [CO2] and other greenhouse gases [Methane (CH4), Nitrous Oxide (N2O), Hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), Perfluorocarbons (PFCs), and Sulfur Hexafluoride (SF6)]' at the 'end of the decade' 'to their 1990 levels.' Subsequently, in the 1997 Kyoto Protocol to the UNFCCC, the U.S. participated in negotiations that ended with agreement on further reductions that could become legally binding. The United States signed the Kyoto Protocol in 1998, but President Clinton did not send it to the Senate for advice and consent. President Bush has said that he rejects the Protocol, and U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Administrator Whitman has told reporters that the Administration will not be pursuing the UNFCCC commitment either. Instead, President Bush is proposing to shift the nation's climate change program from a goal of reducing emissions per se to a goal of reducing energy intensity -- the amount of greenhouse gases emitted per unit of economic productivity. Under the proposal, the intensity, which has been declining for a number of years, would decline18% between 2002 and 2012, as opposed to a 14% projected 'business as usual' decline."

Report Number:
CRS Report for Congress, 98-235
Author:
Publisher:
Date:
2002-03-12
Copyright:
Public Domain
Retrieved From:
National Agricultural Law Center: http://www.nationalaglawcenter.org/
Media Type:
application/pdf
URL:
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