"The Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF) enforces federal firearms laws, in part, by issuing federal firearms licenses, by conducting regulatory inspections of the more than 123,500 Federal Firearms Licensees (FFL), and by conducting criminal investigations of FFL violations. In a July 2004 review, the Office of the Inspector General (OIG) concluded that ATF's Inspection Program was not fully effective in ensuring that FFLs comply with federal firearms laws because inspections were infrequent and of inconsistent quality, and follow-up inspections and adverse actions had been sporadic. Also, ATF did not conduct in-person inspections on all applicants before licensing them to sell guns. In this follow-up of the OIG's 2004 review, we assess ATF's FFL Inspection Program and its ability to effectively enforce federal firearms laws."
Department of Justice, Office of Inspector General: I-2013-005
United States. Department of Justice: http://www.justice.gov/