Managing Drug Involved Probationers with Swift and Certain Sanctions: Evaluating Hawaii's HOPE [open pdf - 0B]
"The rates of successful completion of probation and parole have remained stable--at levels that few consider satisfactory (roughly one-third for parole, roughly three-fifths for felony probation)--in spite of many local, state, and federal initiatives to improve offender outcomes, including treatment-diversion programs. The robustness of these failure rates suggests a need for an offender-management and service-delivery approach that goes beyond the status quo--particularly for drug-involved offenders. This report describes an evaluation of a community supervision strategy called HOPE (Hawaii Opportunity Probation with Enforcement) for substance-abusing probationers. HOPE began as a pilot program in October 2004 and has expanded to more than 1500 participants, about one out of six felony probationers on Oahu. HOPE relies on a mandate to abstain from illicit drugs, backed by swift and certain sanctions and preceded by a clear and direct warning. Unlike most diversion programs and drug courts, it does not attempt to impose drug treatment on every participant. Under HOPE, probationers are sentenced to drug treatment only if they continue to test positive for drug use, or if they request a treatment referral. HOPE is distinct from drug courts in economizing on treatment and court resources (probationers appear before a judge only when a violation is detected). HOPE's stated goals are reductions in drug use, new crimes, and incarceration."
National Criminal Justice Reference System, NCJ 229023
National Criminal Justice Reference Service: https://ncjrs.gov/