Serial No. 112-1: Sudan at the Crossroads, Briefing Before the Committee on Foreign Affairs, House of Representatives, One Hundred Twelfth Congress, First Session, January 18, 2011   [open pdf - 1MB]

From the opening statement of Ileana Ros-Lehtinen: "It is therefore fitting that the first Members' briefing hosted by this committee would be focused on Sudan. Today, Sudan is truly at the crossroads. Beginning on January 9th, millions of South Sudanese participated in a historic referendum to determine whether Africa's largest country would remain united or split in two. Given the countless delays, manipulations and violent eruptions that have imperiled implementation of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement for Sudan over these past 6 years, many doubted that this day would come. Yet the vote proceeded peacefully and credibly. After decades of repression by a genocidal regime in Khartoum and a war that left over 2 million people dead and 4 million people displaced, the people of South Sudan may at last have realized their right to self-determination. Unfortunately, the hardest work is yet to come. First, the results must be certified and accepted. Though Khartoum has pledged to accept the outcome, it has a long history of reneging on its commitments. The stakes are high, and both sides have spent the past 6 years preparing for war. Second, outstanding issues relating to the implementation of the CPA must be resolved prior to conclusion of the transition period in July 2011, including the demarcation of the border; citizenship and nationality; wealth sharing and resource management, including for oil and water; division of assets and debt; currency; and security arrangements." Statements, letters, and materials submitted for the record include those of the following: Princeton Lyman, Richard S. Williamson, Omer Ismail, Ileana Ros-Lehtinen, and Donald M. Payne.

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Serial No. 112-1
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