Iraq: Weapons Threat, Compliance, Sanctions, and U.S. Policy [Updated November 19, 2002] [open pdf - 83KB]
"In a September 12 speech before the United Nations, President Bush implied that U.S. military action would be taken against Iraq if the United Nations did not act to implement existing U.N. Security Council resolutions on Iraq. On October 11, Congress completed passage of legislation (H.J.Res.114, P.L. 107-243) authorizing the President to use force against Iraq. On November 8, the Security Council unanimously adopted Resolution 1441, giving U.N. weapons inspectors new authorities. Iraq reluctantly accepted the new resolution and an advance team of inspectors began work in Iraq on November 18."
CRS Issue Brief for Congress, IB92117
United States. Dept. of State. Bureau of Public Affairs. Foreign Press Centers: http://fpc.state.gov/