Iraq: Weapons Programs, U.N. Requirements, and U.S. Policy [Updated April 16, 2003] [open pdf - 96KB]
"On November 8, 2002, the Security Council unanimously adopted Resolution 1441, giving U.N. weapons inspectors new authorities; inspections began November 27. After several reports by the U.N. weapons inspectors on their work, the U.N. Security Council did not agree to authorize use of force against Iraq. All inspectors were withdrawn, and the United States, Britain, and a few other allies began a military offensive against Iraq on March 19, 2003. Saddam Hussein's regime vacated Baghdad on April 9."
CRS Issue Brief for Congress, IB92117
United States. Dept. of State. Bureau of Public Affairs. Foreign Press Centers: http://fpc.state.gov/