Iraq: Weapons Programs, U.N. Requirements, and U.S. Policy [Updated July 23, 2003]   [open pdf - 114KB]

"After asserting that Iraq had failed to comply with U.N. Security Council resolutions that require Iraq to rid itself of weapons of mass destruction (WMD),the Bush Administration began military action against Iraq on March 19, 2003, and the regime of Saddam Hussein fell on April 9. Since then, U.S. teams have been attempting to uncover Iraq's suspected weapons of mass destruction (WMD) stockpiles, but only minor finds of WMD technology have been reported thus far. [...] Iraq was widely deemed non-compliant in other areas, especially human rights issues. A U.S.-led no-fly zone provided some protection to Kurdish northern Iraq after April 1991. Since August 1992, a no-fly zone was enforced over southern Iraq, where historically repressed Iraqi Shiites are concentrated. The zone was expanded in August 1996, but Iraq nonetheless maintained a substantial ground presence in the south. Iraq openly challenged both no-fly zones after December 1998. These enforcement operations ended after the fall of the regime. Since the fall of the regime, U.S. teams have discovered about 60 mass graves containing primarily Shiites and Kurds that Saddam Hussein had characterized as a threat to the regime."

Report Number:
CRS Issue Brief for Congress, IB92117
Public Domain
Retrieved From:
United States. Dept. of State. Bureau of Public Affairs. Foreign Press Centers: http://fpc.state.gov/
Media Type:
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