"On September 24, 2005, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) Board of Governors found Iran to be in non-compliance with its Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT) safeguards agreement. The Board's resolution, GOV/2005/77, did not immediately refer Iran to the United Nations Security Council, leaving room for further negotiations. IAEA inspections of Iran's nuclear program since 2003 have revealed significant undeclared activities with potential application for nuclear weapons, including uranium enrichment facilities and plutonium separation efforts. Iran's actions to conceal activities over two decades and restrict access for IAEA inspectors has eroded international confidence in Iran's peaceful intentions. Iran agreed to suspend its enrichment and reprocessing activities in exchange for promises of assistance from Germany, France, and the UK (EU-3), but negotiations broke down in August 2005, leading to the Board's decision. This report will be updated as needed."
CRS Report for Congress, RS21592