"Revelations about Iran's capability to produce enriched uranium - the fissile material for a nuclear weapon - prompted a flurry of inspections, diplomatic missions and rhetoric in mid-2003 regarding Iran's compliance with the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT). The International Atomic Energy Agency's (IAEA) most recent findings reportedly detail two enrichment programs (centrifuges and lasers) and the separation of plutonium, another fissile material, in small quantities. Although the IAEA has stated previously that Iran has not met all of its NPT obligations, it has not yet declared Iran in violation of the NPT. On November 20-21, 2003, the IAEA Board of Governors will meet to discuss Iran. Meanwhile, Iran agreed on November 10 to sign the Additional Protocol, which contains provisions for enhanced inspections. This report, which will be updated as needed, analyzes the significance of the IAEA's findings for a possible Iranian nuclear weapons program."
CRS Report for Congress, RS21592