"International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) inspections since 2003 have revealed almost two decades' worth of undeclared nuclear activities in Iran, including uranium enrichment and plutonium separation efforts. Iran's actions to conceal and restrict access for IAEA inspectors have eroded international confidence in Iran's peaceful intentions. Iran agreed in 2003 to suspend its enrichment and reprocessing activities in exchange for promises of assistance from Germany, France, and the UK (EU-3), but negotiations broke down in August 2005. On September 24, 2005, the IAEA Board of Governors found Iran to be in noncompliance with its Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT) safeguards agreement (GOV/2005/77). Following Iran's decision to resume enrichment research and development in January 2006, the IAEA Board voted (GOV/2006/14) on February 4 to report Iran to the U.N. Security Council. Many expect the Security Council to take up the issue in March, following the next Board meeting on March 6. This report will be updated as needed."
CRS Report for Congress, RS21592