President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR): Funding Issues After a Decade of Implementation, FY2004-FY2013 [October 10, 2012] [open pdf - 466KB]
"The President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) is the largest bilateral health initiative in the world. The 2003 pledge of President George W. Bush to spend $15 billion over five years on fighting HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis (TB), and malaria was considered groundbreaking. The initiative challenged the international community to reject claims that large-scale HIV/AIDS treatment plans could not be carried out in low-resource settings. In December 2002, one month before PEPFAR was announced, only 50,000 people of the estimated 4 million requiring antiretroviral (ARV) medicines in sub-Saharan Africa were receiving treatment. By the end of FY2004, 155,000 people were receiving treatment through PEPFAR. […] This report outlines U.S. spending on global HIV/AIDS programs since the inception of PEPFAR, analyzes global HIV/AIDS funding by other donors, and highlights key issues pertaining to funding that will face the 113th Congress as it considers the future of PEPFAR, including  whether to reauthorize funding for PEPFAR following the expiration of the Lantos-Hyde Act in FY2013;  engagement with emerging economies and other non-traditional donors who are increasing their participation in the global fight against HIV/AIDS;  the impact of U.S. efforts to transition ownership of national HIV/AIDS plans to recipient countries;  the appropriate funding level for the Global Fund;  whether to support innovative fund-raising approaches for global HIV/AIDS programs, such as taxes on financial transactions and income; and  developments that might increase HIV/AIDS treatment costs, including intellectual property rights and drug resistance. Program implementation and authorization issues will be addressed more extensively in future related reports."
CRS Report for Congress, R42776
U.S. Department of State, Foreign Press Centers: http://fpc.state.gov/