"The Congressional Budget Act of 1974 (Titles I-IX of P.L. 93-344, as amended; 2 U.S.C. 601- 688) provides for the annual adoption of a concurrent resolution on the budget. The congressional budget resolution is an agreement between the House and Senate on a budget plan for the upcoming fiscal year and at least the following four fiscal years. As a concurrent resolution, it is not presented to the President for his signature and thus does not become law. The budget resolution, however, provides Congress a framework for subsequent legislative action on budget matters during each congressional session. [...] During the past 36 years, the House has considered and adopted fewer amendments to the budget resolution than the Senate. The House has considered, on average, seven amendments per budget resolution. For more than two decades, the House has considered the budget resolutions under special rules that generally have made in order only amendments in the nature of a substitute. In all but one year, the House has rejected all such amendments. In contrast, the Senate has considered, on average, over 46 amendments per budget resolution, adopting, on average, over 26 of these. The congressional budget timetable sets April 15 as a target date for completing action on the annual budget resolution (prior to 1986, the date was May 15). During the past 36 years, when Congress has completed action on a budget resolution, Congress adopted the budget resolution by the target date only six times, most recently in 2003 with the FY2004 budget resolution. Budget resolutions have been adopted, on average, almost 37 days after the target date."
CRS Report for Congress, RL30297
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