Millennium Challenge Corporation [February 13, 2013]   [open pdf - 479KB]

"The Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC) provides economic assistance through a competitive selection process to developing nations that demonstrate positive performance in three areas: ruling justly, investing in people, and fostering economic freedom. Established in 2004, the MCC differs in several respects from past and current U.S. aid practices: [1] the competitive process that rewards countries for past actions measured by objective performance indicators; [2] the pledge to segregate the funds from U.S. strategic foreign policy objectives that often strongly influence where U.S. aid is spent; [3] its mandate to seek poverty reduction through economic growth, not encumbered with multiple sector objectives; [4] the requirement to solicit program proposals developed solely by qualifying countries with broad-based civil society involvement; [5] the responsibility of recipient countries to implement their own MCC-funded programs, known as compacts; [6] a compact duration limited to five years, with funding committed up front; [7] the expectation that compact projects will have measurable impact; and [8] an emphasis on public transparency in every aspect of agency operations. On February 13, 2012, the Administration issued its FY2013 State, Foreign Operations budget, requesting $898.2 million for the MCC, the same amount it received in FY2012 and FY2011. In September 2012, the Continuing Appropriations Resolution, 2013 (H.J.Res. 117, P.L. 112-175), was approved by Congress, providing FY2013 funding for the MCC at the level in the FY2012 Consolidated Appropriations Act (P.L. 112-74) plus 0.612%--$904 million. The resolution expires on March 27, 2013."

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CRS Report for Congress, RL32427
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