War Next Time: Countering Rogue States and Terrorists Armed with Chemical and Biological Weapons -- Chapter 8: The Threat of Biological Weapons: Prophylaxis and Mitigation of Psychological and Social Consequences [open pdf - 174KB]
"The microbial world is mysterious, threatening, and frightening to most people. The stressors associated with a biological terrorist attack could create high numbers of acute and potentially chronic psychiatric casualties who must be recognized, diagnosed, and treated to facilitate triage and medical care. Media communications, planning for quarantine and decontamination, and the role of community leaders are important to the mitigation of psychological consequences. Physicians will need to accurately diagnose anxiety, depression, bereavement, and organic brain syndromes to provide treatment, reassurance, and the relief of pain. Biological weapons have emerged as a significant threat in the 1990s. Other reports in this issue have established the potential likelihood of the use of biological weapons and the nature of the biological and toxic threats. Herein, we discuss the psychophysiological and social implications of such agents and propose recommendations for developing primary interventions and treatment."
USAF Counterproliferation Center: http://cpc.au.af.mil/
The War Next Time: Countering Rogue States and Terrorists Armed with Chemical and Biological Weapons (April 2004), Chapter 8