"Amounts requested by the Bush Administration for assistance to Africa in FY2004 closely parallel amounts provided in FY2003. However, Africa would receive aid increases if the President's Global AIDS Initiative and the proposed Millennium Challenge Account are funded. […] On April 1, 2003, the House Committee on International Relations held a hearing on the U.S. response to famines in East Africa. Andrew Natsios, Administrator of the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), testified that over the next five years, his agency would be 'renewing its leadership in agricultural development assistance.' In March 2003, USAID issued fact sheets detailing U.S. emergency assistance being provided in response to droughts in Ethiopia and Eritrea; the food security crisis, partly related to HIV/AIDS, in southern Africa; and a complex emergency in Burundi involving ethnic strife and food shortages."
CRS Issue Brief for Congress, IB95052