"Amounts requested by the Bush Administration for assistance to Africa in FY2004 closely parallel amounts provided in FY2003. However, Africa would receive aid increases if the President's Global AIDS Initiative and the proposed Millennium Challenge Account are funded. […] On February 20, 2003, President Bush signed into law the FY2003 Omnibus Appropriations measure (H.J.Res. 2/P.L. 108-7), funding Africa-related foreign assistance programs. […] The President, in his January 28 State of the Union Message, announced a major new commitment of resources to the struggle against the international HIV/AIDS pandemic. As part of the commitment, a proposed Global AIDS Initiative, to be headquartered at the Department of State, would provide assistance to twelve African countries. […] Andrew Natsios, Administrator of the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), said on February 13 that his Agency would be restoring a focus on agricultural development, which had been diminished due to budget reductions in the 1980s. On January 17, the Administrator announced additional food aid for famine-stricken Ethiopia. In a speech at the Heritage Foundation on January 7, he said that apart from humanitarian assistance, U.S. aid should focus on 'good performers' with respect to democracy and governance reforms. The speech echoed findings of a major USAID report, 'Foreign Aid in the National Interest', released the same day."
CRS Issue Brief for Congress, IB95052