"The Bush Administration is requesting just over $1 billion in Development Assistance (DA) for sub-Saharan Africa for FY2003, as compared with an estimated $887 million going to the region in FY2002. The request for aid through the Economic Support Fund (ESF), however, has dropped to $77 million from estimated ESF assistance of $100 million in FY2002. […] On January 8, 2003, the U.S. Agency for International Development released a fact sheet stating that the United States had provided $266 million in humanitarian food aid in response to food shortages in southern Africa, as well as $198 million to meet shortages in the Horn of Africa. Sudan had received $40.1 million in food aid, and another $100 million had gone to Angola. For further information, see CRS [Congressional Research Service] Report RS21301, The Food Crisis in Southern Africa: Background and Issues. USAID Administrator Andrew Natsios, in a speech at the Heritage Foundation on January 7, said that apart from humanitarian assistance, U.S. aid should focus on 'good performers' with respect to democracy and governance reforms. The speech echoed findings of a major USAID [United States Agency for International Development] report, Foreign Aid in the National Interest, released the same day. On December 6, 2002, the U.S. Department of State issued a fact sheet listing 'performance indicators' for aid eligibility under the Millennium Challenge Account, a foreign assistance program that the Bush Administration proposes establishing as an independent corporation in FY2004, with funding to reach $5 billion annually by FY2006. Proposed indicators with respect to government effectiveness, corruption, and credit ratings, among others, brought speculation that few African countries would qualify. Press accounts had mentioned Ghana, Tanzania, Mozambique, and Senegal as possible recipients."
CRS Issue Brief for Congress, IB95052