China's Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction and Missiles: Current Policy Issues [Updated July 1, 2002] [open pdf - 101KB]
"Congress has long been concerned about challenges to U.S. security posed by the People's Republic of China (PRC) in the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) and missiles that could deliver them. Recipients of China's technology include Pakistan and countries that the State Department says support terrorism, like Iran, North Korea, and Libya. Policy issues have concerned summits, sanctions, and satellite exports. […] Nonetheless, as the Director of Central Intelligence reports, the PRC remains a 'key supplier' of technology inconsistent with nonproliferation goals -- particularly missile or chemical technology transfers. China has aggravated trends that result in more ambiguous technical assistance, more indigenous capabilities, longer range missiles, and secondary (retransferred) proliferation. […] China is not in the MTCR, Nuclear Suppliers Group, nor Australia Group. Successive Administrations have pursued a policy of 'engagement' with Beijing, while some have argued that the policy needs a tougher approach to advance non-proliferation interests. In 1998, President Clinton issued certifications to implement the 1985 Nuclear Cooperation Agreement. The Clinton Administration encouraged the PRC to join the MTCR [Missile Technology Control Regime] and proposed to allow more PRC satellite launches. In November 2000, the State Department agreed to waive sanctions and consider new satellite exports in return for a missile non-proliferation pledge from China."
CRS Issue Brief for Congress, IB92056
United States. Department of State, Foreign Press Centers, Bureau of Public Affairs: http://www.fpc.state.gov/