"Under the Administration's FY2006 foreign assistance request, U.S. aid to sub- Saharan Africa would continue to grow, due to sharp increases through the State Department's Global HIV/AIDS Initiative. Twelve 'focus countries' in Africa are benefitting substantially under this program. Assistance through the Child Survival and Development Assistance programs would decline, although House and Senate versions of the Foreign Operations Appropriations (H.R. 3057) provide more than requested worldwide for these programs. Overall, non-food aid to Africa would total about $3.6 billion under the request, compared with an estimated $3.4 billion being allocated in FY2005. […] USAID [United States Agency for International Development] reported on September 30, 2005, that in FY2005, the United States had provided $134.3 million in emergency assistance to Niger and surrounding countries, which have been stricken by drought and locust infestation. France's President Jacques Chirac announced on August 29 that France would propose a tax on air travel to fund additional aid to Africa. The proposal would be made at the United Nations World Summit, expected to bring more than 170 heads of state and government to U.N. headquarters in New York, September 14-16. James Morris, head of the World Food Program, said on August 15 that additional food aid was needed for southern Africa, where food stocks were nearly exhausted in several countries due to drought. The House and Senate versions of the Foreign Operations Appropriations (H.R. 3057) were passed on June 28, 2005 and July 20, respectively. As in previous years, appropriations for most Africa-specific programs are not earmarked, but the legislation would provide more than requested for major worldwide programs, suggesting that the Administration would have ample resources for funding its Africa assistance request."
CRS Issue Brief for Congress, IB95052