"Under the Administration's FY2006 foreign assistance request, U.S. aid to sub- Saharan Africa would continue to grow, due to sharp increases under the State Department's Global HIV/AIDS Initiative. Twelve 'focus countries' in Africa are benefitting substantially under this program. Assistance through the Child Survival and Development Assistance programs would decline, but a new Transition Initiatives program would provide $95 million to Ethiopia and Somalia. Overall, non-food aid to Africa would total about $3.6 billion under the request compared with an estimated $3.5 billion being allocated in FY2005. […] On March 16, 2005, the House passed its version of the FY2005 emergency supplemental appropriations (H.R. 1268), which includes $342.4 million for emergency humanitarian relief in Sudan's Darfur region and eastern Chad, $100 million more than requested by the Administration. The bill would also provide $37 million in peace implementation aid for southern Sudan; a requested $63 million for reconstruction programs in southern Sudan was not included. […] On March 11, 2005, the Commission for Africa, appointed by British Prime Minister Tony Blair, released a report calling for $25 billion in new annual aid for Africa, to be followed by an additional $25 billion increase if African countries improve their managerial and administrative capabilities. The Commission's proposals are expected to be taken up at the July 2005 G8 summit, which Blair will chair. […] Press reports during March indicated that Africa's nascent textile industry was facing mounting difficulties due to the January 1, 2005, expiration of the global textile quota system, rising competition from China, and the weakness of the dollar, which was cutting into profits."
CRS Issue Brief for Congress, IB95052