"Under the Administration's FY2006 foreign assistance request, U.S. aid to sub- Saharan Africa would continue to grow, due to sharp increases through the State Department's Global HIV/AIDS Initiative. Twelve 'focus countries' in Africa are benefitting substantially under this program. Assistance through the Child Survival and Development Assistance programs would decline, although the Foreign Operations Appropriations Act (P.L.109-102) provides more than requested worldwide for these programs. Overall, non-food aid to Africa would total about $3.6 billion under the request, compared with an estimated $3.4 billion being allocated in FY2005. […] USAID [United States Agency for International Development] reported on September 30, 2005, that in FY2005, the United States had provided $134.3 million in emergency assistance to Niger and surrounding countries, which have been stricken by drought and locust infestation. France's President Jacques Chirac announced on August 29 that France would propose a tax on air travel to fund additional aid to Africa. […] Some heads of state spoke favorably about the proposal, but some developing country delegates expressed concern that the new proposal was offered to draw attention away from the point that official development aid (ODA) was allegedly too low to achieve the Millennium Development Goals (MGD). The Foreign Operations Appropriations Act (P.L. 109-102) was signed by President Bush on November 14, 2005. As in previous years, appropriations for most Africa-specific programs are not earmarked, but the legislation provides more than requested for major worldwide programs, suggesting that the Administration would have ample resources for funding its Africa assistance request."
CRS Issue Brief for Congress, IB95052