"The Bush Administration is requesting just over $1 billion in Development Assistance (DA) for sub-Saharan Africa in FY2003, as compared with an estimated $887 million going to the region in FY2002. The request for aid through the Economic Support Fund (ESF), however, has dropped to $77 million from estimated ESF assistance of $100 million in FY2002. […] In an October 18, 2002 report on the food security crisis in southern Africa, the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) reported that the United States has responded to date by providing $276 million in emergency humanitarian assistance, primarily food aid. […] The Foreign Operations Appropriations bill, a major vehicle for assistance to Africa, was reported to the House as H.R. 5410 on September 19. On August 29, the U.S. Under Secretary of State for Global Affairs, Paula Dobriansky, announced new aid initiatives, or 'signature partnerships,' intended to expand access to clean water and sanitation, promote clean energy use, cut hunger in Africa, and promote development and conservation in the Congo River basin. Dobriansky was speaking at the World Summit on Sustainable Development in Johannesburg, South Africa."
CRS Issue Brief for Congress, IB95052