"The Bush Administration is requesting just over $1 billion in Development Assistance (DA) for sub-Saharan Africa in FY2003, as compared with an estimated $887 million going to the region in FY2002. The request for aid through the Economic Support Fund (ESF), however, has dropped to $77 million from estimated ESF assistance of $100 million in FY2002. […] In a June 7, 2002 report on the food security crisis in southern Africa, the U.S. Agency for International Development reported that to date in FY2002, the United States has provided $52.7 million in emergency humanitarian assistance, primarily food aid, to the region. Treasury Secretary Paul O'Neill, speaking at a meeting of the African Development Bank in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia on May 29, 2002, said that boosting human productivity and promoting private sector development were key to sparking economic growth in Africa. O'Neill called for close measurement and monitoring of development assistance, and said that donors should insist on results. Ethiopia was the last stop in a four-nation Africa tour O'Neill had undertaken with Irish rock star Bono. At sites visited during the tour, the Treasury Secretary expressed concern over the lack of clean water and schoolbooks, corruption, and the HIV/AIDS pandemic."
CRS Issue Brief for Congress, IB95052