"The Bush Administration is requesting just over $1 billion in Development Assistance (DA) for sub-Saharan Africa for FY2003, as compared with an estimated $887 million going to the region in FY2002. The request for aid through the Economic Support Fund (ESF), however, has dropped to $77 million from estimated ESF assistance of $100 million in FY2002. […] The level of funding and other aspects of these initiatives have become subjects of debate. Other issues in 2002 may include the eligibility of African countries to participate in the Administration's proposed Millennium Challenge Account, and U.S. support for the New Partnership for Africa's Development, an African initiative linking increased aid with policy reform. […] Press reports appearing on November 27, 2002, indicated that the Administration had clarified eligibility criteria for the Millennium Challenge Account, a foreign assistance program that would be established as an independent corporation. Under the proposal, the Millennium Challenge Corporation would be launched in FY2004 and funded at $5 billion annually by FY2006. Development grants would go to countries committed to good governance, transparency, and open markets. Press accounts mentioned Ghana, Tanzania, Mozambique, and Senegal as possible recipients in Africa. On November 25, the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) announced a $20 million public-private partnership with Chevron Texaco for enterprise development in Angola; USAID and the oil company would each contribute $10 million over 5 years. In a November 15 report on the food security crisis in southern Africa, USAID reported that the United States has responded to date by providing $276 million in emergency humanitarian assistance, primarily food aid."
CRS Issue Brief for Congress, IB95052