"In Central America, violent criminal and drug trafficking organizations, transnational youth gangs, and other criminal networks operate with virtual impunity and take advantage of weak government institutions, undermining citizen security and the rule of law. The United States created the Mérida Initiative and later the Central America Regional Security Initiative (CARSI) to help Central American countries respond to these threats. From fiscal years 2008 through 2011, U.S. agencies allocated $350 million in assistance funding for CARSI activities in Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Panama. CARSI assistance employs an integrated approach to support anti-corruption, judicial reform, anti-gang, community policing, and corrections efforts, as well as crime prevention, law enforcement, and counternarcotics programs. Assistance to fund these activities has come from four accounts: International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement (INCLE); Economic Support Fund (ESF); Nonproliferation, Anti-terrorism, Demining, and Related Programs (NADR); and Foreign Military Financing (FMF). In this correspondence, we are providing information on the status of funding provided under CARSI to support programs in partner countries as of September 30, 2011. Specifically, we describe how much funding U.S. agencies have disbursed each fiscal year for partner countries. In addition, in enclosure I, we describe--by year of appropriation--how much INCLE, ESF, and NADR funding U.S. agencies have allocated, obligated, and disbursed under CARSI; in enclosure II, we describe how U.S. agencies have allocated and committed FMF funds (by year of appropriation) toward activities in CARSI partner countries."
Government Accountability Office: http://www.gao.gov/