Energy Efficiency: Budget, Oil Conservation, and Electricity Conservation Issues [July 24, 2003] [open pdf - 112KB]
"Energy security, a major driver of federal energy efficiency programs in the past, came back into play as oil and gas prices rose late in the year 2000. The terrorist attack of September 11, 2001, and the Iraq war of 2003 heightened concern for energy security and raised further concerns about the vulnerability of energy infrastructure and the need for alternative fuels. Further, the 2001 electricity shortages in California and the high natural gas prices in 2003 brought a renewed emphasis on energy efficiency and energy conservation to dampen electricity (and natural gas) demand. Also, worldwide emphasis on environmental problems of air and water pollution and global climate change, and the related development of clean energy technologies in western Europe and Japan, may remain important influences on energy efficiency policymaking. Concern about technology competitiveness may also remain a factor in the debate. In the 108th Congress, debate over energy efficiency programs is focusing on the budget, oil, natural gas, and electricity issues, and provisions in the omnibus energy policy bill, H.R. 6 and S. 14."
CRS Issue Brief for Congress, IB10020
United States Department of State, Foreign Press Center: http://fpc.state.gov/