"The remarkable circumstances of the November 2000 Presidential election are unlikely to be repeated, but Florida's role in determining the outcome may be remembered as a turning point with respect to the nation's election system. Previously obscure details of voting and vote counting became the focus of public attention, and various state and national commissions issued reports or recommendations on changing the voting process. Some states made plans or began to replace voting equipment and adopt other improvements before the 2002 election cycle. Both sessions of the 107th Congress considered and debated federal election reform legislation, and the Help America Vote Act (HAVA, P.L. 107-252) was enacted in October 2002. The act creates a new federal agency with election administration responsibilities, sets requirements for voting and voter-registration systems and certain other aspects of election administration, and provides federal funding; but it does not supplant state and local control over election administration. Issues for the 108th Congress include funding, establishment of the new agency, and implementation by and impacts on the states. For additional information, see the CRS Electronic Briefing Book on Election Reform. This report will be updated periodically to reflect new developments."
CRS Report for Congress, RS20898
United States Department of State, Foreign Press Center: http://fpc.state.gov/