"The fire problem in this country can be measured by some 12,000 deaths, by about a quarter of a million serious burn injuries every year, and by several billion dollars of annual property loss. The Federal Fire Prevention and Control Act of 1974 recognized that the time has come to devise solutions to these problems using modern technology, education techniques and other resources that are available to us. In looking for those solutions we must recognize, as the Act does, that fire prevention and fire control are state and local responsibilities. It is a fundamental principle upon which this Act is based: that state and local government has as one of its most important missions the fire safety of our citizens. The Act recognizes the need for Federal Government help. Thus, the President and the Congress have seen that we have a serious fire problem, that this problem is a prime responsibility of state and local government, and that the Federal Government must help if solutions are to come as soon as they are needed."
National Emergency Training Center Library: http://archive.org/
74th Annual Fire Department Instructors Conference, Memphis, Tennessee, March 25, 1975