Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP): A Primer on Eligibility and Benefits [January 9, 2013] [open pdf - 381KB]
"The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), formerly called the Food Stamp Program, is designed primarily to increase the food purchasing power of eligible low income households to a point where they can buy a nutritionally adequate low cost diet. This report describes the rules related to eligibility for SNAP benefits and the rules related to the issuance and use of benefits. SNAP is authorized by the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008. This law, formerly the Food Stamp Act of 1977, has since 1973 been reauthorized by the 'farm bill,' omnibus legislation that also typically includes the reauthorization of other federal agricultural policies and programs. The 2008 farm bill expired at the end of FY2012 and then was extended through the end of FY2013 in the American Taxpayer Relief Act of 2012 (H.R. 8, enacted on January 2, 2013). During the period of expiration, many of the farm bill nutrition programs continued to operate due to appropriations actions."
CRS Report for Congress, R42505
National Agricultural Law Center: http://www.nationalaglawcenter.org/