"The AIDS epidemic in the Caribbean and Central America has begun to have negative consequences for economic and social development, and continued increases in infection rates threaten future development prospects. In contrast to other parts of Latin America, the mode of transmission in several Caribbean and Central American countries has been primarily through heterosexual contact, making the disease difficult to contain because it affects the general population. The Caribbean countries with the highest prevalence or infection rates are Haiti, with a rate over 6%, and the Bahamas, with an adult infection rate of 3.5%. Three Caribbean countries--Guyana, the Dominican Republic, and Trinidad and Tobago -- have rates between 2-3%, while three others, Suriname, Barbados, and Jamaica, have rates over 1%. In Central America, Belize has the highest prevalence rate of 2.2%,while Honduras, Panama, and Guatemala have prevalence rates of 1% or more. […] This report, which will be updated periodically, examines the characteristics and consequences of the HIV/AIDS epidemic in the Caribbean and Central America and the response to the epidemic in the region."
CRS Report for Congress, RL32001
U.S. Department of State: http://www.state.gov/