Beyond the Streets: America's Evolving Gang Threat, Hearing Before the Subcommittee on Crime, Terrorism, and Homeland Security of the Committee on the Judiciary, House of Representatives, One Hundred Twelfth Congress, Second Session, July 25, 2012 [open pdf - 956KB]
From the opening statement of F. James Sensenbrenner, Jr.: "Today's hearing examines the ongoing threat posed by gangs and the evolution of gangs in America. Over the past 20 or more years, gangs have evolved from localized criminal organizations to international criminal enterprises vying for control of sophisticated criminal schemes, often with the threat or use of violence. Today, gangs are increasingly engaged in non-traditional gang-related crimes such as alien smuggling, human trafficking and prostitution. Gangs are also engaging in white-collar crime such as counterfeiting, identity theft and mortgage fraud. They have become transnational criminal organizations and compete with many other criminal organizations. According to the 2011 National Gang Threat Assessment, there are approximately 1.4 million gang members belonging to more than 33,000 gangs in the United States. It has been reported that the number of gang members in the U.S. increased by 40 percent since 2009." Statements, letters, and materials submitted for the record include those of the following: F. James Sensenbrenner, Jr., Robert C. Scott, Robert F. Green, Richard W. Stanek, Tim King, and Constance L. Rice.
Serial No. 112-140
Government Printing Office, Federal Digital System: http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/