Serial No. 109-41: Indonesia in Transition: Recent Developments and Implications for U.S. Policy, Hearing Before the Subcommittee on Asia and the Pacific of the Committee on International Relations, House of Representatives, One Hundred Ninth Congress, First Session, March 10, 2005   [open pdf - 1MB]

From the opening statement of James A. Leach: "With 238 million inhabitants and over a million square miles of territory, the Republic of Indonesia is the giant of Southeast Asia and the world's largest Muslim majority country. It emerged from authoritarianism only 6 years ago, during an extended period of acute economic and social turmoil. Since then, it has consistently defied the dire predictions of some outside skeptics. Indonesia has neither disintegrated nor become a failed State. It has instead begun a dramatic transition from the authoritarian and corrosively corrupt structures of the Suharto era toward those of a functioning, decentralized democracy. Indeed, 2004 was pivotal for democratic institution-building in the country. Indonesia conducted three complex national elections, including its first direct Presidential election. Over 80 percent of the eligible public participated in what became the largest single-day election in history. The people of Indonesia are deservedly proud of the credible, orderly, and peaceful process that occurred, which would have been unimaginable just a few years ago." Statements, letters, and materials submitted for the record include those of the following: Marie Huhtala, Alphonse F. La Porta, Douglas E. Ramage, Edmund McWilliams, James A. Leach, Eni F.H. Faleomavaega, and Dan Burton.

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Serial No. 109-41
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