Serial No. 109-32: Combating Human Trafficking: Achieving Zero Tolerance, Hearing Before the Subcommittee on Africa, Global Human Rights and International Operations of the Committee on International Relations, House of Representatives, One Hundred Ninth Congress, First Session, March 9, 2005   [open pdf - 2MB]

From the opening statement of Christopher H. Smith: "The Subcommittee will today hear testimony concerning the continuing problem of human trafficking. The U.S. Government, as we all know, now estimates that some 600,000 to 800,000 women, children and men are bought and sold across international borders each year and exploited through forced labor or commercial sex exploitation. Potentially millions more are trafficked internally within the borders of their countries. Eighty percent of the victims are women and girls. An estimated 14,500 to 17,500 foreign citizens are trafficked into the U.S. each and every year. As Chairman of the Subcommittee on International Operations and Human Rights in the late 1990s, I led an effort to end the scourge of trafficking, and it is probably better called slavery, by sponsoring the Trafficking Victims Protection Act (TVPA), P.L. 106--386, which was signed into law in December 2000. In 2003, I sponsored a reauthorization of that act which also became law. These two pieces of legislation created a comprehensive framework for combatting trafficking in persons abroad, as well as the trafficking of foreign nationals into the United States. As a result, our Government has been a leader in addressing this human rights violation and encouraging other governments to do the same." Statements, letters, and materials submitted for the record include those of the following: John R. Miller, Beatrice Fernando, Linda Smith, Shirley E. Barnes, Sarah E. Mendelson, Julianne Duncan, Christopher H. Smith, and Donald M. Payne.

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Serial No. 109-32
Public Domain
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