U.S. Congress and the European Parliament: Evolving Transatlantic Legislative Cooperation [January 2, 2013] [open pdf - 411KB]
"The United States and the European Union (EU) share an extensive, dynamic, and for many a mutually beneficial political and economic partnership. A growing element of that relationship is the role that the U.S. Congress and the European Parliament (EP)--a key EU institution--have begun to play, including in areas ranging from foreign and economic policy to regulatory reform. Proponents of establishing closer relations between the U.S. Congress and the EP point to the Parliament's growing influence as a result of the EU's Lisbon Treaty which increased the relative power of the EP within the EU, and in some cases, with significant implications for U.S. interests. Consequently, some officials and experts on both sides of the Atlantic have asked whether it would be beneficial for Congress and the EP to strengthen institutional ties further and to explore the possibility of coordinating efforts to develop more complementary approaches to policies in areas of mutual interest. […] This report provides background on the Congress--EP relationship and the role of the TLD [Transatlantic Legislator's Dialogue]. It also explores potential future options that could be considered during the 113th Congress should an effort to strengthen ties between the two bodies gain momentum."
CRS Report for Congress, R41552